Allium Species - Master Lista - z

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This list of valid Allium species is currently under construction, with names added to the list weekly as research data is entered.  Anticipated completion is September 2001.  An attempt is made to list all valid Allium species, and to offer suggestions regarding taxonomic standing when there are conflicting opinions.  For each species listed, the following is included: author citation, species publication date, synonyms (with their own author citations), height and flower color, general distribution, habitat, major reference citation(s), links to photos (if any), and general notes.  The genus "section" that each species belongs is not always included here due to inconsistencies of opinion assigning the genus subdivisions.  However, this aspect might be added in later. This list should be used in conjunction with other associated lists, including: bibliography, bibliography discussion, synonyms list (alphabetical), and a list of dubious names and misnomers.
How many allium species are there?  Botanical references guess at the number of species, running the gamut from 500 - 1000 species (that's quite a wide range).   Numbering the species in HTML format is too difficult to manage, however when the input of species nears completion, the totals will be listed on this page.

Total number of species: ###    Total number of intraspecific taxa: ###     Total number of taxa: ####

 

UNDER CONSTRUCTION!

Species

Author

Pub. Date

Synonyms

 

Height

 

Flower

Color

Reference / Comments / Links
acuminatum Hooker 1839 acuminatum
   var. cuspidatum Fern.

cuspidatum Rydb.
10 - 30 cm bright pink, rose, red-purple, rarely white Dist:  Common species widespread throughout w. North America.
Hab:  Dry hills and plains, stony, sometimes alluvial soil, below 2000 m.
Ref:   Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
Notes: Flowers May - July, can color whole hillsides when in peak bloom.
albidum Fischer
ex.
Bieb.
1819 flavescens Besser
ammophilum Hueffel
10 - 30 cm white or yellowish, sometimes reddish tinged Dist:  Europe, USSR, C. Asia
Hab:  Steppes and sandy ground, rocky places
Ref:   Flora Europaea
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum, cultivated, flowers July.
albidum
   ssp. caucasicum
(Regel)
Stearn
1978 angulosum
   var. caucasicum Regel

angularum
  var. caucasicum Regel
10 - 30 cm whitish tinged pink Dist:  Caucasus, USSR, C. Asia, Turkey
Hab:  Hot south facing exposures of mixed limestone & granite, rocky places, 1980-2100 m.
Ref:   Flora Europaea, Flora of Turkey
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum, cultivated, flowers July.
amplectens Torr. 1857 attenuifolium Kell.
attenuifolium var.
    monospermum Jeps.

occidentale Gray

monospermum Jepson
15 - 50 cm white or light pink Dist:  British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California
Hab:  Dry slopes and fields, mostly below 2000 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
Notes: Flowers March - June.
atrorubens Watson 1871   6 - 15 cm red-purple, rarely white Dist:  California, Nevada.
Hab:  Dry hillsides and among sagebrush scrub, clay soils, in desert hills and mountains, 1665 - 2335 m.
Ref:   A California Flora
Notes: Flowers May - June.
atrorubens
   var. cristatum
(Wats.)
McNeal
1992 atrorubens ssp.
  inyonis (Jones)Traub
atrorubens var.
  inyonis (Jones)
  Ownbey & Aase
cristatum Watson
decipiens Jones, not
               Fischer
inyonis Jones
nevadense var.
  cristatum Watson
6 - 15 cm pale white or pink with dark pink midveins Dist:  California, Nevada.
Hab:  Among sagebrush scrub, 1335 - 2335 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, Madrono 39(2):86. 1972.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Flowers May - June. From Mono and Inyo counties, California, and adjacent Nevada, the synonyms frequently misspelled "inyoensis".
bisceptrum Watson 1871 bisceptrum
   var. utahense Jones
10 - 40 cm white, pale pink, or
lilac
Dist:  Oregon, Idaho, California, Utah, Nevada.
Hab:  Meadows and aspens groves, moist banks, less frequently on open slopes, 2165 - 3165m.
Ref:   A California Flora, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Flowers May - July.
bisceptrum
   var. palmeri
(Wats.)
Cronq.
1977 palmeri Watson 10 - 20 cm
rarely 30 cm
pink to purple Dist:  Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona
Hab:  Open slopes and pine forests, mountains from 2165 - 2500 m.
Ref:   Intermountain Flora
Notes: Flowers May - June.
campanulatum Watson 1879 austinae Jones
acuminatum var.
    bidwelliae Jepson
bidwelliae Watson
bullardii Davidson
campanulatum var.
    bidwelliae Jepson
tenellum Davids. in part
5 - 15 cm
pale rose, pink, reddish, purplish, rarely white Dist:  Oregon, California, Nevada
Hab:  Open or shaded places in the mountains, dry slopes in woods,   from 675 - 2835 m.
Ref:   A California Flora
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Flowers May - June.
cepa L. 1753 ascalonicum auct non L.

cepa var. sylvestre Regel

cornutum Clementi (may be a bulbilliferous form of
cepa)
up to
100 cm
greenish white Dist:  Cultivated, unknown in the wild state.   The edible "onion" of vegetable fame.
Hab:  Fields
Ref:   Most references include this "species".
Notes: sect. Cepa, possibly derived from A. oscaninii, flowers June - Aug.
cratericola Eastw. 1934 parvum var. brucae Jones

parvum var. jacintense
Munz
2 - 7 cm, rarely up to 12 cm pink to purplish, light to dark purple Dist:  California
Hab:  Volcanic and serpentine soils, mostly below  835 m, but found 350 - 2300 m., bare serpentine talus slopes.
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, Taxonomy of the Allium tribracteatum (Alliaceae) complex.
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
           Portrait (a different form)
Notes: Blooms March - May in the wild. Beautiful dwarf species.
crispum Greene 1888 peninsulare var. crispum
Jepson
10 - 30 cm bright pink, red-purple, to orchid Dist:  California
Hab:  Heavy soil on rolling hills, below 835 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California
Photo: Portrait (3 photos)
Notes: Blooms March - May in the wild. Beautiful species.
czelghauricum Bordz. 1912   8 -19 cm pink or lilac Dist:  Turkey, endemic
Hab:  not specified
Ref:   Flora of Turkey
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum
dichlamydeum Greene 1879 serratum var.
   dichlamydeum Jones
10 - 30 cm
deep rose purple Dist:  California
Hab:  Dry heavy soil, rocky places, coastal Mtn ranges, bluffs, woodlands
Ref:   A California Flora
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
Notes: Flowers May - July.
falcifolium Hooker
&
Arnold
1841 falcifolium var. demissum
Jepson

breweri Watson

falcifolium var. breweri
Jones

falcifolium var. brevius
Henderson
3 - 12 cm deep rose, purple, to maroon red, sometimes white or pale pink. Dist:  Oregon, California
Hab:  Heavy or rocky soil, on serpentine outcrops, 165 - 2335 m
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California.
Photos: Portrait + Galleries
Web photo: white form, good image
Notes: Blooms March - July in the wild. Beautiful dwarf species.
fimbriatum Watson 1879 fimbriatum var.
   aboriginum Jepson
5 - 20 cm rose to purple, darker midveins Dist:  California
Hab:  Dry slopes & flats, often in heavy soil, gravelly volcanic or serpentine clays, desert slopes, 665 - 2665 m
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California.
Notes: Blooms March - May
fimbriatum
   var. mohavense
(Tide.)
Jepson
1921 mohavense Tidestrom 10 - 25 cm white to pale pink,
lavender, with pink midveins
Dist:  California
Hab:  Creosote bush scrub, Mohave Desert, 835 - 1335 m
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California.
Notes: Blooms April - May
fimbriatum
   var. purdyi
(Eastw.)
Ownbey
&
Aase
1992 purdyi Eastwood 10 - 30 cm white to pale lavender, darker midveins,
or rose purple
Dist:  California
Hab:  Gravelly serpentine clay, below 335 m
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, Aliso 13(3):423, A revision of the Allium fimbriatum (Alliaceae) complex.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Blooms May
lacunosum Watson 1879   10 - 25 cm white to pale pink, with dark midveins Dist:  California
Hab:  Coastal Mtn ranges, serpentine soils on ridges and peaks to 1000 m
Ref:   A California Flora, Taxonomy of the Allium lacunosum complex.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Blooms April - June
monticola Davids. 1921 peirsonii Jepson

parishii var. keckii Munz
5 - 15 cm pale to deep pink or purple, with dark spreading tips Dist:  California
Hab:  Loose rock or talus slopes, summits, 1335 - 3335 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Blooms May - July in the wild. Beautiful & unusual dwarf species.
munzii (Ownb.
& Aase)
McNeal
1992 fimbriatum var. munzii
     Ownbey & Aase
10 - 25 cm white with pink midveins, aging to red Dist:  California
Hab:  Grassy openings in coastal sage scrub, below 835 m
Ref:   The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, Aliso 13(3):415, A revision of the Allium fimbriatum (Alliaceae) complex.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Blooms April - May
nevadense Watson 1871 nevadense var.
   macropetalum Peck
3 - 10 cm white or pinkish, with pink midveins Dist:  Idaho, Oregon, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado
Hab:  Sandy, gravelly, or occasionally clay soils, in deserts, 800 - 2335 m
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Blooms April - June
obtusum Lemm.
1890 ambiguum Jones,
   not Sibth. & Small.

concinnum K. Bdg. ex.
   Jones
2 - 6.5 cm white to greenish
white, with dark purplish brown midveins
Dist:  California
Hab:  Sandy or gravelly slopes and benches, subalpine fell-fields, granitic sands, 1500 - 4000 m
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, Taxonomy of the Allium tribracteatum (Alliaceae) complex.
Photo: Portrait (3 photos)
Notes: Blooms May - July
obtusum
   var. conspicuum
Mortola
&
McNeal
1973   3 - 11 cm
rarely to
17.5 cm
purplish
pink with dark purple midveins
(rarely 
white)
Dist:  California
Hab:  Granitic sands, 800 - 3000 m
Ref:   Taxonomy of the Allium tribracteatum (Alliaceae) complex.
Notes: Blooms May - July, 1-2 weeks later than var. obtusum.
platycaule Watson 1879   4 - 12 cm deep rose Dist:  Oregon, California, w. Nevada
Hab:  Gravelly slopes and knolls, dry slopes at moderate to high altitude, 1335 - 3000 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California.
Photo: Portrait + Galleries
Photo: Gallery of cultivated plants
Notes: Blooms May - August in the wild. Beautiful dwarf species.
scabriscapum Boiss.
&
Kotschy
1854   15 - 50 cm
(70 cm)
bright yellow with green midvein Dist:  Turkey, Armenia, Iraq, Itan. Central Asia.
Hab:  Eroded shaley hillsides, 1850 - 1900 m.
Ref:   Flora of Turkey
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum, cultivated, flowers June.
szovitsii Regel 1875 strictum var. anodon Boiss.

pseudostrictum Albov
15 - 40 cm rose, lilac, or nearly white, purple midvein Dist:  Turkey, Caucasus, Iraq, Iran.
Hab:  Alpine meadows, limestone outcrops, 2000-3215 m.
Ref:   Flora of Turkey, Flora of the USSR.
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum, cultivated, flowers July.
siskiyouense Ownbey 1972 watsoni (of other authors, not Howell) 3 - 7 cm rose with darker midveins or white to pale rose or pink, aging rose-red to red-violet Dist:  California, Oregon
Hab:  Rocky slopes, talus slopes, moderate elevations, 2000 m.
Ref:   A California Flora
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
Notes: Blooms June - July in the wild. Attractive dwarf species.
x x 19xx x cm x Dist: 
Hab: 
Ref:  
Photo:
Notes:
           

Allium Species - Master List:  a - z

 

a - z master list a - c d - f g - i j - l m - o p - r s - u v - z

 

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Questions or comments on this page?  Contact Mark McDonough at antennaria@aol.com.

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This page was last updated on 06/06/01